APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 had a purpose
The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 had a significant purpose. Several parties have called the uprising one of the bloodiest events in the province of West Java. At that time there was a large-scale murder in which many victims fell.
Previously, there have been different types of attacks. This included attacks on Sulawesi. Until 1950, massacres were carried out in the province of West Java. The attack was immediately led by the captain Westerling. He and APRA (Angkatan War Ratu Adil) along with 800 people committed various types of cruel acts.
APRA’s horrific uprising in West Java
The bloody attack on the victims of APRIS members was led by Piere Westerling. It was in 1950 that the attack took place. This happened exactly in January on the 23rd. According to reports, Westerling had 500 thousand soldiers who formed a secret organization.
It was delivered directly by JM Verburgh, the chief inspector of police from the Netherlands. Reports were received and said that the secret organization was called Ratu Adil Persatuan Indonesia. The organization now has armed units. This is called APRA.
The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 had specific objectives. At the foundation, Westerling contacted the commander-in-chief of the Army named Buurman Van Vreeen. The meeting was held by Westerling to discuss the plan for rebellion in the government of President Sukarno.
Finally, when 1950 was on January 5, Piere Westerling sent his ultimatum to RIS. In essence, he requested the RIS to respect states like the Pasundan state . He also asked that the RIS recognize that the APRA is an armed force and serves as a Pasundan army.
Yet apparently there was no response to the ultimatum. In the end, he decided to stage a coup d’état. Westerling and his followers shot the army they found. A number of his troops, together with Sergeant Meijer, were sent to Jakarta to make arrests against Sukarno.
APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 AD
This massive uprising in the province of West Java was carried out after Indonesia gained independence. The resistance continued in several places until one day Indonesia actually became independent with its own hands.
Apparently, however, various disputes or problems arose after independence was declared. Actually, the APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 had quite a lot of purpose.
- Maintaining RIS
Various negotiations have been conducted by the Dutch colonizers and the Republic of Indonesia and have always been the parties of the Republic of Indonesia that often suffer losses. For example, when negotiations such as Linggarjati and Renville were conducted, but it turned out that the Dutch side denied this.
Several parties implemented directives to the Republic of Indonesia. Yet there are also people who want RIS to continue to exist. They are supporters of APRA. Supporters of the unitary state were eventually eliminated by the APRA side
- The Netherlands wants to be safe in Indonesia
The APRA uprising on West Java in 1950 also aimed to keep the Dutch safe in Indonesia. The existence of these colonizers in Indonesia apparently brought them a big profit. They get money from the colonies to live.
Of course, the advantages were obtained by the Dutch side in various areas. The APRA uprising was also carried out as a way out to maintain its position in Indonesia.
- Pasundan states can be maintained
Negara Federal Pasundan is actually part of RIS. The location is in the province of West Java. The Dutch made it to support him together with the people who did not side with the Republic of Indonesia. This was done with only one promise to the people of Indonesia.
- Creation of a federal state
The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 aimed to establish a federal state in the country. This is the main goal of establishing APRA. This is done by killing several key parties to launch the action .
- Defending the army on its own
Belanda also wants to have his own army in his state. The right to the freedom to govern the area . Those who join APRA are soldiers who are not admitted to APRIS because they have no requirements. APRA will thus be used as the main army in pasundan state.
The sadistic uprising of APRA
The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 had a very sadistic purpose. This rebellion left a very deep wound. Bandung is like the city of Mati in the early 1950s. Exactly on January 23, 1950, the troops moved early in the morning to various posts in the city of Bandung.
The soldier is the leader of Raymond Westerling, the queen of APRA. Movements continued to be carried out by APRA troops. They walked, drove on moors, jeeps and much more. These soldiers will rebel against civilians, confiscate goods and perform various types of torture.
Residents of Bandung were terrified. All shops are closed. All the residents tried to save themselves from the rebels. The soldiers continued to disarm anyone found on the Cimindi road to Cibereum. All apris members they found were killed.
The staff who were ready to go to their respective bases did not escape their cruelty either. Westerling and his men never wanted to shoot the APRIS soldiers he met. Not only were they hoarded by being shot, APRIS soldiers were even chopped into pieces like animals.
Their violent actions killed at least 61 TNI soldiers. The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 aimed to favor the Dutch side and make you 18 innocent civilians. In fact, none of the APRA members were victims. This incident turned Bandung into a dead city.
APRA’s ACK’s recognition of the persecutionn YaNg Heartbreaking
The very heartbreaking incident in Bandung was also acknowledged by APRA. The group admitted to having carried out various types of removal from military figures to civilian figures in Bandung.
Westerling is indeed looking at a number of important figures in the province of West Java. These figures include Colonel Sadikin, Lieutenant Soetoko as deputy chief of staff of the Siliwangi division and Major Mohamad Rivai as the governor’s head of military information. Military IV West Java.
The other four are Lieutenant Colonel Sentot Iskandardinata, Lentan Colonel Dr Errie Sudewo who is the chief of staff of the Siliwangi Division, Sudjono, who is a member of the Parliament of pasundan state , but pro-pasundan state parliamentarian is RI, and CPM Major Roehan Roesli. The assassination plan was carried out by giving poison to 7 people.
But attempts to kill by mixing poison into their drinks apparently failed. This is because one of the members was aware of the APRA’s plan which was very gruesome. Finally, they planned to shoot live. However, it also didn’t work because each of the targets managed to escape.
APRA’s horrific actions may be a dark history for the Indonesian nation. In the post-independence era, various forms of rebellion occurred, causing Indonesia to falter. The APRA uprising in West Java in 1950 aimed to weaken the Republic of Indonesia and destroy its government.