A History of the Uprising in TII West Java and Its Causes
One type of rebellion that gives many people memories of his time is IN TII West Java. This is because , the incident was enough to bring many victims. In fact, the event also happened in a fairly long period of time. So many people still remember it today.
Even after the Republic of Indonesia became independent, people fought even harder. National heroes face many events that are far more already than during the Indonesian fight. Even then, the resistance that took place came from the Indonesian people themselves. The incident occurred because the ideology was not according to the government.
Many groups of individuals are dissatisfied with what the Indonesian government is implementing. So there were many rebels from the people themselves, for example, the DI TII movement. Where the center itself is located in the regional part of Indonesia, like West Java itself.
There are still many places in Indonesia such as Kalimantan, Aceh, or Sulawesi. But ultimately, the efforts that took place were also successfully thwarted by the government. The attempted disruption was a success because the resistance was given quite strongly by various parties. Pergerakan is still widely known to the public.
Sfond f’TII West Java
The Indonesian Islamic Army’s own Darul Islam action is a movement in the political field with the start of development in the Tasikmalaya area. This resistance was originally exposed by the Islamic State of Indonesia. Precisely on August 7th in 1949 . This happened a few years after the proclamation.
The uprising in TII West Java led by Sekarmadji Maridian figure Kartosoewirjo aimed to create Indonesia to become an Islamic state where the end was to proclaim nii himself. This event itself took place because Kartosoewirjo felt let down by the content of the Renville agreement.
The content of the treaty itself is believed to abuse the honor of the hero of independence. The content of the treaty itself was the Indonesian state that was forced by the Dutch to surrender the West Java area. Indeed, as much as this resistance occurred, Kartosoewirjo was already a politician. So it’s not surprising to have a lot of political experience.
Even in Indonesia’s Sarekat Islam party, Beliau is very fanatical about the religion of Islam. He also intended a hijra policy in which he should be used in his leadership. The background in TII West Java unites every branch in Indonesiagar can fight against a dissenting government.
It’s not just moving because of one commonality of religious ideology. Leaders and members of the movement were also instigated by its leader from West Java. That resistance was in fact because Kartosoewirjo was not satisfied with the independence of the Republic of Indonesia which was still covered by the Dutch who wanted to continue to control Indonesia.
Objective of Creating a Movement in TII
The occurrence of pmberontakan IN TII West Java was led by the leader of the Maridian Sekarmadian kartosoewirjo community himself becausehe had to achieve the goal according to his wishes. As an action, INDEED, TII itself is trying to create a country where the base is shari’ain Islam. In addition, the country was freed from Dutch colonization.
For more details, the purpose of this resistance itself is to create an Indonesian Islamic state that is recognized by the state. In fact, they must also be recognised by international law. Moreover, this resistance was also formed because it wanted to make Indonesia a country that had an Islamic base.
The leader of this action is to make Islamic law in order to become the law of the Indonesian state, of course, guided by two things, namely the hadith and the Quran. Not only that, they formed an Islamic state because they wanted to change government laws to be the same as Islam .
The purpose of forming the uprising at TII West Java was because the figures rejected the ideology and laws of Hadith and the Koran. Even in addition to the existence of these two things, they argue that if they follow the other, they are considered unfaithful. But it is a great pity, because the main purpose of this movement was formed to fight the Dutch.
But it turned out to be radical. As everyone knows, Indonesia itself has the highest variety of beliefs. Where there are 6 largest religions in it and they have been recognized by the state as well. So it is unwise to make Islam more special than other religions.
Fundatur tar-Rewwixta f’TII West Java
The emergence of the action was initially due to two people suspected of playing an important role in the formation of the action . About the first person is jusuf Tauziri’s kyai. He is said to be the founder in the early stages of the creation of a peaceful Islamic movement.
But in the end he also withdrew his support for Kartosoewirjo for the fight against the Indonesian state. However, many people know that the main character for DI himself is Kartosoewirjo. The figure of a figure born and raised in the Java region himself almost spent his time having a career in West Java.
In fact, he himself is also not native to West Java, but originally Central Javanese, who was born in Cepu. The location of the area itself is between Bojonegoro and Blora. The figure, who was born on February 7, 1905, received an education using Dutch in elementary school and his first menegah.
In fact, according to his story, he also did not have much knowledge of the religion of Islam and the Arabic language. There was even a course to be able to get into the Dutch East Indies school a doctor located in Surabaya. It was in that area that he met H. Oemar Said who later became the president of the PSII.
The DI TII West Java movement itself was initially a backlash given by Kartosoewirjo and his group on rejecting the renville deal. The agreement was done by agreement by Indonesia and the Netherlands. This is what forms Darul Islam and its members of the army is TII itself.
Trażżin tar-Ribelljoni fil-West Java TII
As not few people know, the event at TII West Java is the biggest event in the country and is remembered by almost everyone. Even in some places it also supports the movement. Aiming to be able to form a state that is in accordance with the Islamic religion.
Even the government of the Republic of Indonesia at the time also just declared its independence and once again fought against the Dutch. The government again had resistance from its own people. Of course, this makes the government strive for many things so that it can destroy the movement. The goal is that negara can also be maintained integration.
In West Java, this repression effort began in a peaceful way. Where Moh Natsir formed the committee. But the method that was done did not work. Thereafter, it was followed again using another method, i.e. using military operations. In the end, Kartosoewirjo was arrested in 1962 in the mount Salak area.
The operation also concerned the community so that the movement of ITI members was limited. As for the punishment handed down is to die. Indeed, the action at TII West Java is not a little casualty and becomes a major event after independence that you need to know.